Sports physiotherapists regularly assess and rehabilitate shoulder dysfunctions and pathologies. As a sports physiotherapists it is important to evaluate the contributing factors to shoulder pathology. A common contributor, seen in 68-100% of shoulder injuries, is scapular dyskinesis. Accurate and comprehensive assessment of scapular dyskinesis is essential to identify alterations in normal scapulo-humeral rhythm. If you treat shoulders, ‘treating the scapula’ is absolutely paramount … ignore it at your own peril.
As most sports physiotherapists would know, injuries of the groin are very common. This is particularly true in sports that require lateral movements and kicking; think football, rugby and AFL. In fact in some sports the incidence of groin pain is as high as 13%. This means that we are regularly assessing groin pathologies, and should be aware of the most effective and reliable techniques to assess deficits in adductor function. This article will discuss new research on the Adductor Squeeze Test that can inform and improve your clinical practice…
The sports physiotherapists reading this would be aware of the challenge of accurate diagnosis of hip pathology. The hip/groin area is an area with incredibly complex anatomy and biomechanics (Feeley et al., 2008). To quote a former anatomy lecturer of mine; “It is real tiger country!”. This means to improve clinical reasoning and diagnosis clinicians (and/or diagnosticians) must be acutely aware of the diagnostic accuracy of the clinical tests in their arsenal.
To explain the importance of knowledge about these conditions I will frequently tell you how common these ligament injuries are. Well, it has been suggested that up to 37% of all patients with knee haemarthroses have an associated PCL injury. Furthermore, the incidence of injury is particularly high in sports that involve heavy contact. That means that sports physiotherapists that are involved in the management of athletes from contact sports need to be aware of the evidence based assessment and management of these ligament injuries.
In this episode of the podcast I interview Rod Whiteley. Dr Rod Whiteley (FACP) is a Specialist Sports Physiotherapist, and has extensive experience working with elite sportsand has consulted with the Australian Baseball Federation and the Australian Institute of Sport. He is widely published in peer review journals on the topic of the throwing shoulder.
What if I were to tell you that I was going to discuss the second most common foot injury in athletes, that is missed or misdiagnosed in 1 in every 5 cases? Is that something you might be interested in? Well that is what happening… Lisfranc joint injuries are a challenging presentation in an athletic population. As stated above, they are relatively common and regularly misdiagnosed. However, unfortunately they have the potential to develop into a CAREER-ENDING injury! Undoubtedly, this makes prompt and accurate diagnosis and evidence based management exceptionally important.
As sports physiotherapists we regularly assess and treat patients and athletes with shoulder instability. It has been suggested that glenohumeral instabllity affects up to 2% of the general population (Ahlgren et al., 1978). However, we know that posterior instability is much less common accounting for somewhere between 2 and 10% of these cases (Tannenbaum & Sekiya, 2011). The reason why it is important for use is that these presentations are most common in athletes, secondary to either overuse or a traumatic episode. This makes knowledge of evidence based management and diagnosis of posterior shoulder instability particularly pertinent.
Ankle injuries are a ridiculously common sports injury. Fong et al (2007) found that ankle injuries are the most common injuries in a wide variety of popular sports. It has been suggested that syndesmosis injuries account for about 11% of ankle injuries. Furthermore, ankle syndesmosis injuries (or “high” ankle sprains) have high occurrences during athletic activities, particularly those that involve twisting or cutting activities. Read on for evidence based assessment and diagnosis of ankle syndesmosis injuries.
Patellar dislocation accounts for 2 – 3% of all knee injuries, however, is the second most common cause of knee haemarthrosis (Aglietti et al., 2001). Patellar dislocation is most commonly associated with sports injuries, and therefore, is encountered commonly by the sports physiotherapist. In recent times there has been controversy on the most appropriate forms of management following primary (or first time) patellar dislocation. This post discusses evidence based management of primary patellar dislocations.
Cyclops lesions are an unfortunate sequelae of anterior cruciate ligament injury, and are most commonly seen following ACL reconstructions. The cyclops lesion is a consequence of a localised form of anterior arthrofibrosis. This results in the formation of a nodule of fibrous tissue in the anterior portion of the ACL graft (Tonin et al., 2001). The cyclops lesion sits in the anterior margin of the intercondylar notch, just above the tibial tunnel, which can become impinged between the tibia and femur upon knee extension (Bradley et al., 2000).